140,000 people lost their lives in Hiroshima. Three days later after atomic bomb “Little Boy” destroyed most of the Japanese town, Nagasaki was bombed, too. It’s August 9, 1945. The last days of World War II.
Japan had attacked the United States in Pearl Harbour four years ago. The Soviets had declared war to Japan. The United States had invested 1,9 billion Dollars in building an atomic bomb. As US military plane “Enola Gay” dropped the bomb, 1,300 meters above Hiroshima, it was a mixture of all facts that made US President Harry Truman give his okay.
Although there were many reasons against the bomb.
Apart from humanitarian, ethical and environmental reasons, also the fact that Japan was about to surrender anyway.
“No one knew exactly what effect the bomb would have,” the short documentary by British Pathé – considered to be the finest newsreel archive in the world today – explains. “Either on the unexpecting inhabitants below or on the crew on the plane itself.”
Today, 70 years later, Japan and the United States are allies. Hiroshima, a Japanese word for “large island,” home of more than a million people again. It is now rebuilt what was destroyed on August 6, 1945, 8:15 am local time. Although many historical sights were destroyed forever.
Nagasaki today is a sister-city to Hiroshima, as well as to US town Saint Paul in Minnesota.